To get to know about the process sheet and its structure, read out the article.
What is a process sheet?
A process sheet is a set of manufacturing instructions for a specific batch, lot, or runs.
It describes the operating parameters and settings for the equipment and facilities used and associated tooling or supplies.
The process sheet contains part information, routing information, and operation detail information.
We all know what a blueprint is and how it works, so trust me when I say a process sheet works precisely like a blueprint. This article finds out all about process sheets and how they are done.
A process sheet is a set of instructions that can be followed to achieve the desired goal. It is a manual that involves detailed procedures of tasks.
This rule book focuses on converting the raw materials into the final finished product, getting the job done systematically.
Importance of process sheet
It not only outlines the detailed mechanisms but also describes every event in a step-by-step manner. That is where the importance of the manufacturing process sheet lies.
Firms with infrequent productions, a complex production pattern, or elaborate and irregular steps must follow a process chart efficiently.
In fact, the process sheet is developed way before a firm actually starts operating. That helps in having control over operations from day one.
The components outlined in a process sheet
A process sheet for machining comprises of two units,
A route sheet
A route sheet is like a map that mentions the path to follow and exactly how the production and management activities were to proceed.
An operation sheet
An operation sheet mentions the step-by-step programs to follow, outlines all the materials required for each task, and maintains a logbook of items that arrived or are yet to come.
It is an irreplaceable tool. It keeps a tab on the entire work process for which it has been designed.
It keeps a count on the amount of raw material required, total processing time taken, the number of workers, specifications of the machines functioning, and so on for every separate component involved in the production.
For example, a process sheet documentation designed for preparing a food item would consist of the recipe and each component mentioned in the exact quantity required.
It will also consist of cooking time with a detailed description of each task, the number of workers required in each task, and any remarks needed to be followed by previous experiences.
Structure of a typical process sheet for manufacturing
- Outlining the sequence of work.
- Figuring out the assemblies and sub-assemblies involved and drawing a map to figure out where each one fits.
- Determining the number of units to be produced.
- Machines, tools, and details of other instruments required, along with other details like their efficiency, capacity and run times to be mentioned.
- The sequence of these operations, drawn in detail on a map which develops a clear conception of how the raw material is converted into the finished product.
- A certain quality is required throughout the process; hence quality controlling instructions are also important.
- Instructions during packing and handling of the products, or movement during the processing are also mentioned.
A process sheet for production drawings can be used for various purposes. A separate sheet can be made for different operations.
It can be used as a planning tool to plan wisely and efficiently and also as quality control.
Different departments can monitor operations for various purposes simultaneously, thus developing an economically efficient plan and seeing it succeed through skillful execution.
Get more definitions about process sheets and other ERP-related terms here.