A process sheet is a document that provides all the steps for manufacturing products. Professionals can use it to ensure that each step in their workflow is appropriately completed.
Process sheets are also processed records, production documents, or shop orders. Whatever they’re called, these documents are essential for any manufacturing business to thrive.
Read out the article to learn about the process sheet and its structure.
What is a process sheet?
A process sheet consists of manufacturing instructions for a specific batch, lot, or run.
It describes the operating parameters and settings for the equipment and facilities used and associated tooling or supplies.
It contains part information, routing information, and operation detail information.
We all know a blueprint and how it works, so trust me when I say a process sheet works precisely like a blueprint. This article finds out all about process sheets and how they are done.
A process sheet is a set of instructions that can be followed to achieve the desired goal. It is a manual that involves detailed procedures of tasks.
This rule book focuses on systematically converting the raw materials into the final finished product and completing the job.
Importance of process sheet
It outlines the detailed mechanisms and describes every event in a step-by-step manner. That is where the importance of the manufacturing process sheet lies.
Firms with infrequent productions, a complex production pattern, or elaborate and irregular steps must follow a process chart efficiently.
It is developed way before a firm starts operating. That helps in having control over operations from day one.
The components outlined in a process sheet
A process sheet for machining comprises two units,
A route sheet
A route sheet is like a map that mentions the path and how the production and management activities proceeded.
An operation sheet
An operation sheet mentions the step-by-step programs to follow, outlines all the materials required for each task, and maintains a logbook of items that have arrived or are yet to come.
It is an irreplaceable tool. It keeps a tab on the entire work process it has been designed.
It keeps a count on the amount of raw material required, total processing time taken, the number of workers, specifications of the machines functioning, and so on for every separate component involved in the production.
For example, a process sheet documentation for preparing a food item would include the recipe and each component mentioned in the required quantity.
It will also consist of cooking time with a detailed description of each task, the number of workers required for each job, and any remarks needed to be followed by previous experiences.
Structure of process sheet for manufacturing
- Outlining the sequence of work
- Figuring out the assemblies and sub-assemblies involved and drawing a map to figure out where each one fits
- Determining the number of units to be produced
- Machines, tools, and details of other instruments are required, along with further information like their efficiency, capacity, and run times.
- The sequence of these operations is drawn in detail on a map that develops a clear conception of how the raw material is converted into the finished product.
- A certain quality is required throughout the process; hence quality controlling instructions are also important.
- Instructions during packing and handling the products or movement during the processing are also mentioned.
Process sheets are an integral part of the manufacturing process. They can be used as a planning tool to plan wisely and efficiently, help with quality control, or be used simultaneously for various purposes by different departments.
The result is that it creates an economically efficient plan which will succeed through skillful execution.
Get more definitions about process sheets and other ERP-related terms here.