The packing department is the area that prepares picked material for shipment by performing the consolidation, packing, marking and documentation tasks required.

The packing department may also be responsible for locating and picking materials for outgoing shipments.

Packing Department

What is packing?

Packing is the process of protecting the products from damages and environmental conditions while shipping.

Types of packing

Usually, three types of packing take place in the packing department.

Types of packing
  1. The first layer of packing happens in Primary packing. It protects and preserves the finished product. It also provides information about the products to the customer.
  2. Secondary packing appears outside of the primary packing. It gives extra protection to the products. It helps to identify the product easily in the warehouse.
  3. Tertiary packing or final packing helps to handle, transport, and store the products. This packing is usually done with the cartoon box.

Packing department responsibilities

Same as the other department in the organization packing department also has some responsibilities. They are as follows.

  • Take care of the cleanliness of packing materials.
  • Find out the defective products if any, and, dispose of them.
  • Do proper weighing and labeling of the products.
  • Maintain clean and proper space for packing.
  • Maintain documents for inventories and delivered items.

Packing department flow chart

Packing Department Flowchart

How do you improve your product packaging in the packing department?

If you are an employee of a company and working in the packing department, it is necessary to improve your packing system. Here are a few tips to improve product packaging.

  • Determine who your customer is. According to the customer (male or female), you need to design your product packagung. At the same time, designing a package, you need to keep some points in mind. That is what is the information to be expected by your customer when looking for a product.
  • Select the proper color and shape of the packaging element for your product.
  • If your product is glass items or liquid, make sure that your packing materials are good enough to protect the products.
  • The design on the packaging should clearly tell about the product, and it should not display misleading information.
  • Your packaging must be easy to open. Otherwise, sometimes it affects the product inside, and the product loses its likelihood.
  • Specify proper direction about the opening of the package like ‘tear here’ or ‘twist here.’
  • The first way of an impression on a product is the packaging. Hence give proper budget and attention to that.

Importance of packing

Product packing helps the manufacturer as well as the customer.

  • Product packing helps the client to identify the product inside it. Your packaging gives you a different identity, and differentiates you from your competitors.
  • Packaging helps to protect the product from dust, insects, and breakage. Some products like biscuits, juices need to be packed tightly to protect them from environmental facts.
  • It helps to carry and store the products easily.
  • It helps to promote the products by advertising them. That means your packing itself helps the customer to know about your product.
  • Packing of some materials may be useful for re-use.
  • Good packing leads to reduce the losses of handling issues so that it reduces the marketing cost.

Different packaging methods used by the packing department of different industries

Packaging methods differ from industry to industry. The most common packaging products are cartoon boxes, wrappers, envelopes, bottles, containers, etc.

But it is essential to decide which packaging suites your product. Here are some packaging methods

  • Plastic packaging: This is the most commonly used packing method. Some products need airtight containers to avoid environmental effects like air, dust. For that kind of product, plastic packaging is a good option. With this packing, it is easy to carry the products as it is very lightweight. For example, water, oils, milk, yogurt products use plastic packaging.
  • Pharma packaging: Pharmaceutical companies practice pharma packaging for medicines. Pharma packaging provides safety to the drugs and helps to identify the drugs while handling and distributing.
  • Anti-corrosive packaging: It protects products from corrosion. Generally, this method is used for the goods that are exporting for longdistances.
  • Flexible packaging: Usually, food products use flexible packaging to retain their taste and flavor.

What are the materials generally used for packing?

The materials generally used for packing are plastic, glass, steel, paper, wood, and aluminum.

Packing Department in Pharma Industries

In the pharma industry, the packing department plays a significant role. Packing in the pharma industry protects products and provides presentation, identification, usage, and information of the product.

Functions of packing in pharma

  • Provides protection: The primary purpose of the packing is to protect the product from leaking, breaking, and spoiling.
  • Helps to identify the product: The packing helps to identify the product.
  • Provides information: The primary packing of the product provides complete information about the product, such as its usage, dosage, contents of the product, manufacturing date, expiring date, how to handle it, cautions, etc.
  • Promotes the product: Packing helps to promote the product and attracts people.

Pharma industries do packaging tests also which include the following tests.

  • Drop test
  • Vibration test
  • Shock test
  • Inclined impact test
  • Revolving drum test

Pharma industries use the following material for packing the products.

  • Plastics
  • Glass
  • Rubbers
  • Metals
  • Paper
  • Cardboards

Get more definitions about the packing department and other ERP-related terms here.


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