Reading this article gives you a clear idea of the warehouse zone, types of zones in the warehouse’s storage area, and tips to improve each warehouse zone.
A warehouse zone is a physically or logically segregated area within a warehouse defined by the type of material it contains (bulk or rack storage, hazardous material, etc.) or the division of equipment and personnel used to put away, move and pick.
This warehouse zone system allows you always to store the items in the exact locations so that employees can know where the items are stored.
Depending on the type of products we have to allocate the zone in the warehouse because some products are required to be stored in the refrigerator, some products can be stored in racks, some products can be stored in bins.
Hence warehouses should have different types of zones.
Different types of zone in storage area of a warehouse
In this zone, you can store products that are required to keep away from moisture.
It is the most common zone in a warehouse. In this zone, the temperature will be maintained between 50 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
It is a necessary zone to be there in the warehouse zone storage area. In this zone, you can keep the products required to be store at low temperatures, such as food products, vaccines, etc.
The temperature of this zone will vary from zero to 38-degree Fahrenheit.
Some manufacturing companies require chemicals for their manufacturing process. An approved storage cabinet should store these chemicals.
In this zone, you can store acids. This zone should be located separately where the corrosive materials like acids will not contact other items.
Gas cylinder storage
Gas cylinders must be stored separately in the warehouse. Therefore, it is very needful to follow safety measures like carts and safety chains while transporting the gas cylinders in the warehouse.
Some products need more space because they will not fit on regular shelves. For that products, this zone is useful.
In this zone, you can store valuable items such as brand-name pharmaceuticals.
Few tips to develop each warehouse zone
Following are the few warehouse zones you should have in your warehouse and some points to develop each warehouse zone
- Set dust-free surfaces in the product storage area.
- Have good quality, rust-free shelves so that stored products will not be affected by rust.
- When your storage area is completely occupied then have added storage overhead so that you can expand your storage area.
- To increase your storage capacity you can also use compact storage and mobile storage shelves.
- Have shelves and racks that are suitable to your product dimension.
Pick and fix zone
- Set a good outline for the picking zone. While setting the picking zone consider the product size and product rotation
- Improve the connection between the zones by having automated system like box conveyor
- you can also have automated picking equipment
Product receive and dispatch zone
- Have a good warehouse management system to control traffic at goods receiving and dispatching area.
- Assign a proper place to the trucks while loading and unloading the goods. It helps the smooth flow of goods inside the warehouse
Technical zone to manage equipment
- A technical zone is a place assigned to maintain equipment like charging the batteries for equipment
- Make sure that this zone is in proper environmental condition. That means some instrument needs AC
Warehouse management zone
- Have an admin zone in your warehouse so that the supervisor can always keep in touch with the day to day activities of the warehouse
- Have good computer connection with your company server
What is a warehouse?
A warehouse is a planned storage area for the proper storage of products, materials, and equipment.
Types of warehouse
Below I am listing different types of warehouses used for various purposes.
It is the storage area owned by governmental bodies. A person or an organization can use this type of warehouse by paying rent.
A public warehouse is most suitable for startups and small-scale industries to store their goods temporarily.
It is the storage area owned privately by manufacturers, distributors, wholesale dealers, etc. It is a little expensive compared to public warehouses.
However, it is still affordable for startups and small-scale industries.
It is a storage area, especially for temporary storage goods. Unlike other types of warehouses, distribution centers might hold materials temporarily or for a short period.
When many materials are received, and you might distribute them to different resellers, the distribution center helps a lot.
Compared to other warehouse types, it is well equipped with advanced technologies, and it provides some value-added services like pick&pack services, docking, etc.
It is a particular storage area used to store imported items before paying customs duties. You can keep the imported goods for an extended period also.
This warehouse’s most important advantage is that you need not pay duties until your items are released and sold because duties for imported items will be very high.
It is an advanced type of warehouse in that you can store and manage the items automatically with the help of Artificial Intelligence.
That includes managing software, performing tasks such as picking, weighing, packing, transporting, and storing goods using drones.
So this type of warehouse makes the work easy and increases sales, productivity by decreasing human errors. Hence, online vendors like Amazon, Alibaba use this type of warehouse.
This type of warehouse is most suitable for cooperative organizations. It is a storage area owned by cooperative organizations such as farmers, weavers, etc.
In this warehouse, both members of the cooperative organization and outsiders can store their goods. However, members will get some reduction in rent.
It is a storage area used to store items that to be stored at low temperatures, such as some types of medicines, cosmetics, food items, and beverages.
Get more definitions about warehouse zone and other ERP-related terms here.