What is Warehouse Zone? – (Types of zones, tips to improve)

Last updated on by Editorial Staff

Reading this article gives you a clear idea of the warehouse zone, types of zones in the warehouse’s storage area, and tips to improve each warehouse zone.

Definition of Warehouse Zones

A warehouse zone is a physically or logically segregated area within a warehouse defined by the type of material it contains (bulk or rack storage, hazardous material, etc.) or the division of equipment and personnel used to put away, move and pick.

Warehouse Zone

This warehouse zone system allows you always to store the items in the exact locations so that employees can know where the items are stored.

Depending on the type of products, we have to allocate the zone in the warehouse because some products must be stored in the refrigerator, some products can be stored in racks, and some products can be stored in bins.

Hence warehouses should have different types of zones.

Different types of the zone in a storage area of a warehouse

Types of warehouse zone

Dry zone

In this zone, you can store products required to keep away from moisture.

It is the most common zone in a warehouse. In this zone, the temperature will be maintained between 50 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit.

Refrigerated zone

It is necessary to be there in the warehouse zone storage area. In this zone, you can keep the products required to be stored at low temperatures, such as food products, vaccines, etc. 

The temperature of this zone will vary from zero to 38-degree Fahrenheit.

Flammable zone

Some manufacturing companies require chemicals for their manufacturing process. An approved storage cabinet should store these chemicals.

Corrosive materials

In this zone, you can store acids. This zone should be located separately where the corrosive materials like acids will not contact other items.

Gas cylinder storage

Gas cylinders must be stored separately in the warehouse. Therefore, it is necessary to follow safety measures like carts and safety chains while transporting the gas cylinders in the warehouse.

Oversize storage

Some products need more space because they will not fit on regular shelves. For that products, this zone is valuable.

Security cage

In this zone, you can store valuable items such as brand-name pharmaceuticals.

Few tips for developing each warehouse zone

Following are the few warehouse zones you should have in your warehouse and some points to develop each warehouse zone

Warehouse zones

Storage area

  • Set dust-free surfaces in the product storage area.
  • Have good quality, rust-free shelves so that rust will not affect stored products.
  • When your storage area is completely occupied, they have added storage overhead so that you can expand your storage area.
  • You can also use compact storage and mobile storage shelves to increase your storage capacity.
  • Have shelves and racks that are suitable to your product dimension.

Pick and fix zone

  • Set a good outline for the picking zone. While developing the picking zone, consider the product size and product rotation.
  • Improve the connection between the zones by having an automated system like a box conveyor.
  • You can also have automated picking equipment.

Product receive and dispatch zone

  • Have a sound warehouse management system to control the goods receiving and dispatching area traffic.
  • Assign a proper place to the trucks while loading and unloading the goods. It helps the smooth flow of goods inside the warehouse.

Technical zone to manage equipment

  • A technical zone is assigned to maintain equipment like charging the batteries for equipment.
  • Make sure that this zone is in proper environmental condition. That means some instrument needs AC.

Warehouse management zone

  • Have an admin zone in your warehouse so that the supervisor can always keep in touch with the day-to-day activities of the warehouse
  • Have a good computer connection with your company server

What is a warehouse?

A warehouse is a planned storage area for products, materials, and equipment. It is usually an ample, unobstructed space with a high ceiling that stock can be moved around easily. Warehouses are used by businesses that need to store large amounts of inventory, such as manufacturers, retailers, and distributors. They are usually located near transportation hubs so that goods can be quickly shipped in and out. Some warehouses are also used for other purposes such as assembly or packaging. Proper planning is essential for a successful warehouse operation as it can help improve efficiency and reduce costs.

Types of warehouse

Below I am listing different types of warehouses used for various purposes.

Types of warehouse

Public warehouse

It is the storage area owned by governmental bodies. A person or an organization can use this warehouse-type by paying rent.

A public warehouse is most suitable for startups and small-scale industries to store their goods temporarily.

Private warehouse

It is the storage area owned privately by manufacturers, distributors, wholesale dealers, etc. Therefore, it is a little expensive compared to public warehouses.

However, it is still affordable for startups and small-scale industries.

Distribution center

It is a storage area, especially for temporary storage goods. Unlike other warehouses, distribution centers might hold materials temporarily or for a short period.

When many materials are received, and you might distribute them to different resellers, the distribution center helps a lot.

Compared to other warehouse types, it is well equipped with advanced technologies, and it provides some value-added services like pick&pack services, docking, etc.

Bonded warehouse

It is a particular storage area used to store imported items before paying customs duties. You can keep the imported goods for an extended period also.

This warehouse’s most crucial advantage is that you need not pay duties until your items are released and sold because duties for imported items will be very high.

Smart warehouse

It is an advanced type of warehouse in that you can store and manage the items automatically with the help of Artificial Intelligence.

That includes managing software and performing tasks such as picking, weighing, packing, transporting, and storing goods using drones.

So this type of warehouse makes the work easy and increases sales and productivity by decreasing human errors. Hence, online vendors like Amazon and Alibaba use this type of warehouse.

Cooperative warehouse

This type of warehouse is most suitable for cooperative organizations. It is a storage area owned by cooperative organizations such as farmers, weavers, etc.

In this warehouse, both members of the cooperative organization and outsiders can store their goods. However, members will get some reduction in rent.

Cold storage

It is a storage area used to store items stored at low temperatures, such as some types of medicines, cosmetics, food items, and beverages.