Batch flow implies that each unique batch is completed in one work center before the entire batch is moved to the next work center.

In this process, subsequent batches should wait until the current batch moves to the next work center.

The production process is one of the success factors of the business. Batch flow is one of the important and successful production processes. Because of this process, a manufacturer can produce multiple products simultaneously.

Advantages of Batch flow

  • It reduces the initial setup cost.
  • It allows you to implement an entire system of batch processing equipment easily and cheaply.
  • It enables you to set up each process separately.
  • It suits pharmaceutical, rare metal, food, and packing industries
  • No need to concentrate on a single type of product. Hence increases flexibility to produce other types of products.

The batch process is very much suitable for the clothing industries and the seasonal products manufacturing industries.

By adopting this process cloth industry can manufacture different colored, different sized clothes.

Example of Batch flow

For example, assume a textile industry provides towels, bedsheets, pillow covers to a hotel that they require for their business. With the batch process, it is easy to fulfill the orders of that hotel.

It is easy to produce 200-bed sheets, 1000 large pillow covers, 700 small pillow covers, 500 curtains, etc with the help of one set of machinery.

With the flexibility of the batch process textile industry can attain the demands of that particular hotel immediately.

In the same way for businesses like cookies baking, samosa baking, sandwich making, the batch process is a good choice.

Because these businesses must supply their products when they are fresh as they have a short shelf life. Hence in this case batch production makes sense.

Suppose the cookies baking company produces a large shelf life cookies then the continuous process is an efficient one.


Batch flow is not a suitable process for all types of industries. So we should definitely know the disadvantages of it.

  • Its processing cost is high
  • Batch flow is a time and energy-consuming process

Continuous flow

In this process, a single work unit moves at a time between all stages of the process without any breaks in time. Here flow of products or units takes place continuously.

Advantages of continuous flow are

  • Saves time and energy
  • Helps you to save money by reducing inventory and transportation costs.
  • Improves the quality of the product by identifying the fault easily
  • Increases productivity
  • Meets customer needs effectively compared to batch process

What is the difference between Batch flow and continuous flow?

Following are the major differences between batch flow and continuous flow

  1. Equipment cost is high in continuous and it is low in a batch process.
  2. In the batch process, it is difficult to maintain a good quality of products because defects are not identified until the whole batch is completed. Whereas in a continuous process, it is easy to find the defect in the product because in this process a single product moves between each stage of the process.
  3. Production rate is less in continuous flow but it is high in the batch flow process.
  4. Shut down happens more frequently in a batch process, whereas in a continuous process it is rare.
  5. It is very easy to handle the batch process. But handling is difficult in continuous flow
  6. Continuous flow requires a large workplace whereas the batch flow process requires a small workplace

Some industries need batch flow like pharma industries, food industries, some sensitive and rare metal industries. Some industries need continuous flow like mining industries and material processing industries.

Get more definitions about Batch flow and other ERP related terms here.


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